In Barcelona, high-tech data platforms generate demand for old-fashioned community development.
Residents living around Plaça del Sol joke that theirs is the only square where, despite the name, rain is preferable. Rain means fewer people gather to socialise and drink, reducing noise for the flats overlooking the square. Residents know this with considerable precision because they’ve developed a digital platform for measuring noise levels and mobilising action. I was told the joke by Remei, one of the residents who, with her ‘citizen scientist’ neighbours, are challenging assumptions about Big Data and the Smart City.
The Smart City and data sovereignty
The Smart City is an alluring prospect for many city leaders. Even if you haven’t heard of it, you may have already joined in by looking up bus movements on your phone, accessing Council services online or learning about air contamination levels. By inserting sensors across city infrastructures and creating new data sources - including citizens via their mobile devices – Smart City managers can apply Big Data analysis to monitor and anticipate urban phenomena in new ways, and, so the argument goes, efficiently manage urban activity for the benefit of ‘smart citizens’.
Barcelona has been a pioneering Smart City. The Council’s business partners have been installing sensors and opening data platforms for years. Not everyone is comfortable with this technocratic turn. After Ada Colau was elected Mayor on a mandate of democratising the city and putting citizens centre-stage, digital policy has sought to go ‘beyond the Smart City’. Chief Technology Officer Francesca Bria is opening digital platforms to greater citizen participation and oversight. Worried that the city’s knowledge was being ceded to tech vendors, the Council now promotes technological sovereignty.
On the surface, the noise project in Plaça del Sol is an example of such sovereignty. It even features in Council presentations. Look more deeply, however, and it becomes apparent that neighbourhood activists are really appropriating new technologies into the old-fashioned politics of community development.
The latest edition of Criteo's Global Commerce Review reveals that European retailers achieve 54% of mobile sales through apps in the fourth quarter of 2017. In France, consumers are active in all environments and buy more and more via their smartphone .
Criteo unveils the results of its quarterly Global Commerce Review for the fourth quarter of 2017. This report explores consumer activities, behaviors and preferences across all devices and browsers.
Highlighting consumers' increasing use of consumer applications, the report confirms the focus on mobile and its utility in driving omnichannel marketing business strategies around the world. "While the use of smartphones continues its strong ascent, the increased adoption of mobile apps and mobile browsers is leading to exciting omnichannel buying trends," said François Costa de Beauregard, Criteo's Managing Director France. Merchants and brands can leverage these trends to optimize their business efforts, enabling them to reach consumers more effectively to generate the best possible results. "
The opportunity of applications
When merchants prioritize application optimization in addition to the mobile web, the performance gains are substantial. At the global level, advertisers experienced an almost 50% year-over-year increase in transaction-based applications, which reached 46% in the fourth quarter of 2017.
In Europe, apps account for 54% of mobile sales for merchants who jointly invest in mobile browser and merchant application. The conversion rate for merchant applications reaches 13%, a figure more than three times higher than the 4% rate usually observed on the mobile web.
The use of the mobile web has reached maturity but consumers are volatile, and continue to make purchases in a mobility situation, at different frequencies, on all connected devices.
Smartphone transactions in France increased by 45% compared to Q4 2016 (excluding applications). The use of tablets is declining, generating 7% fewer transactions compared to the previous year.
Computers remain the most used during office hours but show a small decline in transactions from one year to the next (6%).
The sectors with the highest proportions of mobile sales are sporting goods (35%), clothing (35%) and health and cosmetics (34%). Seasonal variations led to a slight decline in the number of computer transactions preceded by a mobile click, as consumers were more active on mobile devices during the summer. In the 4th quarter, 28% of computer transactions in France were preceded by a click on mobile.
Omnishoppers, a high value
Omni-channel strategies help guide consumers through their winding journey, resulting in improved online results. Globally, omnishoppers have the highest long-term value for brands and merchants, generating 27% of all sales, although they represent only 7% of consumers.
Consumers are constantly switching between computer and mobile, depending on the time of day and the day of the week. Marketers targeting the workforce need to consider the prevalence of the computer during office hours, especially in the morning. However, it is essential to optimize the targeting of smartphones and tablets in the evening and on weekends.
The combination of purchase intention data also gives the opportunity to increase purchasing opportunities for each consumer, as the average amount of the basket is significantly higher - up to 8% on average in France - for consumers identified.
This trend is particularly apparent in the fashion and luxury goods, health and cosmetics sectors, and in high-tech.
The Global Commerce Review report was based on analysis of the respective navigation and purchasing data collected from more than 5,000 merchants in more than 80 countries during the fourth quarter of 2017.
Source: ecommercemag.fr by Dalila Bouaziz on February 28th, 2018
In recent years, geolocalisation technologies have created "Location Based Services": products and services adapted to people's past and present geolocations. Made possible thanks to Roofstreet technology, the next evolution is in progress with the arrival of "Trip Based Services": products and services that adapt not only to positions but also to past and future trips.
Who needs to understand travel today?
Understanding travel is a current issue and essential to many sectors.
70% of consumers now use their mobile in stores.
Locate a store, consult reviews or compare prices ...: the mobile is today become indispensable to the consumer even in his journey offline purchase. To better understand the role and increasing impact of smartphone in store, the MMA has just published its Guide to interactions mobile point of sale.
Two years after its first edition, the Mobile Marketing Association France announces a major update to its Point of Sale Interaction Guide. "70% of consumers are now using their mobile in stores. In this guide, traders can discover the latest technologies, optical or radio, to interact with consumers. But this publication offers them, above all, a real user manual for accelerate the digitalization of their point of sale with an important focus on management of personal data at the dawn of RGPD 2018. " - explains Anh-Vu Nguyen, head of the working group "Mobile Interactions in point of sale "at the MMA.
In addition to an overview of different technologies (NFC, BLE, Wi-Fi, recognition image, QR code and now VLC) and use cases available to traders, the guide proposes a new legal section: Maître Thomas Beaugrand, lawyer at the Staub & Associés, partner of the association, shares its vision of the legal and consequences of the GDPR on the collection and exploitation of data. "The power of e-commerce giants today rests on data exploitation and traditional traders can also benefit to better understand their consumers, optimize organizing their point of sale or maximizing their sales".
However, this requires a clear understanding of the new legal framework of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR 2018), distinguishing between
clearly the good and the bad practices in terms of collection and data exploitation. "Adds AnhVu Nguyen.
This guide was produced by member companies of the Mobile Marketing Association France: Atsukè, EzeeWorld, Fidzup, SLMS, Snapp '& userADgents, with the support of the AFSCM, the law firm Staub & Associés and thanks to the support of BNP Paribas and Hello bank!
Ford and Silicon Valley-based Autonomic will work together to build a new open platform upon which cities can build out infrastructure communications, including connected traffic lights and parking spots, called the “Transportation Mobility Cloud.” Ford CEO Jim Hackett announced the news on Monday at the CES 2018 keynote kicking off the annual conference.
The platform is designed to help connect smart transportation services, as well as adjacent connected offerings, uniting them with one common language to help coordinate all this efforts in real-time. That means tying together personal cars with vehicle-to-everything communications built in, incorporating things like bike sharing networks, public and private transportation services, including buses, trains, ride hailing and beyond.
The Transportation Mobility Cloud will support location-based services, determining routes, sending out alerts about things like service disruptions, handing identity management and payment processing, as well as dealing with data gather and analytics. It’s intended not only as a kind of connective tissue for the forward-thinking services and vehicles that will make up the smart city of tomorrow, but also as a platform upon which new apps and services can be built from the heath of data available.
Ford says to think of it like “a box of Legos” with pieces that can be quickly taken apart and reassembled to build new types of assets and products to better serve city residents. It’s intended to be flexible enough to work with all partners, and to change from city-to-city depending on local requirements and implementation specifications.
In a blog post detailing the news, Ford suggests some possible uses to illustrate what the platform could do, including routing autonomous vehicles away from the most densely clogged arteries occupied by human cars in times of peak traffic, and rerouting cars on the fly to help reduce congestion, or even letting cities fence off ares of the city to restrict them to EV only zones in order to help mitigate air quality and emissions issues.
Ford stresses that it has designed this platform “for everyone,” a road base group that includes transit service operators, as well as competitor automakers, who it invites to join in with the effort in order to help make it as widely compatible as possible. Ford says it hopes to use its open approach to drive adoption to the point where it can claim to be the smart city platform with the most connected vehicles by the end of 2019, and eventually it hopes to achieve a 100 percent compatibility rate with vehicles and services on the road.
It’s a massive undertaking, but if successful, it could pave the way to cities better able to launch and incorporate Ford’s growing stable of mobility service offerings, including things like last mile shared commute service Chariot, as wells Ford GoBike and its forthcoming autonomous ride hailing fleets. Teaming with Autonomic, a company that Ford invested in last year, will help it ramp quickly since the Palo Alto company’s staff has lots of experience building platforms intended for integration on a broad scale, including Amazon Web Services.
Part of the promise of ride-hailing has been that it would reduce congestion in cities – but studies show the opposite is true, which Ford says it hopes to help correct with a platform like that which can help optimize their rollout and integration into existing services and traffic flows.
Source: techcrunch.com by Darrell Etherigton - January 9th 2018
Ericsson forecasts 20 billion IoT-connected devices, including 1.8 billion by cellular network in 2023
According to the latest updated report on the mobility of the Swedish equipment manufacturer Ericsson, the number of objects connected to the IoT (connected cars, industrial machines, meters, sensors, consumer products of types wearables, etc.) should grow on average 19% worldwide by 2023, to reach a total of 20 billion units.
By that time, all devices connected to a network (including mobile phones, PCs, tablets) will reach 30 billion units.
Ericsson distinguishes objects that will be connected by short-range wireless technologies (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, etc.) from those connected to a long-distance network (3G, 4G, 5G, NB-IoT, and LPWA networks such as Sigfox or Lora).
Objects connected by short-range technologies will be largely in the majority (17.4 billion units in 2023) and their number will increase on average by 18% per year by 2023.
On the contrary, objects connected to a long-distance network will be very much in the minority ("only" 2.4 billion objects in 2023 and 600 million in 2017), but their number will grow faster: + 26% on average per year .
At the end of 2017, Ericsson estimates that about 500 million objects will be connected to IoT through a cellular connection. Their number is expected to reach 1.8 billion units, or 75% of the long-distance category. Clearly, Ericsson, one of the first equipment manufacturers of cellular network infrastructure, believes that Sigfox and LoRa will not break through ... What remains to be verified.
Currently, the long distance segment is dominated by GSM / GPRS technology, but unsurprisingly, by 2023, 4G LTE and 5G cellular technologies will take over. The 4G will then represent the majority of cellular IoT connections, while the 5G will support the most critical applications.
The first cellular IoT networks based on Cat-M1 and Narrow Band-IoT technologies (NB-IoT) were launched in early 2017 and Ericsson currently has more than 20 cellular IoT networks using these technologies. operating commercially around the world.
Source: VIPPress.net, November 29th, 2017
Advisers assisted by robots, improved HRD thanks to software ... a study lists the changes underway in the banking sector.
Will the HR departments of the banks soon become "HRMD", "Human Resources and Machinery Departments"? The idea, a bit scary, is among the recommendations of a report from the firm Athling, "Artificial intelligence in the bank: employment and skills," which will be released on December 7. This study, commissioned and managed by the Observatory of the Bank's trades, the statistical and prospective collection body of the banking branch, sought to evaluate the consequences that artificial intelligence (AI) could have on the sector.
While trade union organizations warn of the growing concern of employees about the irruption of these cognitive technologies, the authors of the study "aware of tensions", deliberately chose not to quantify the volume of jobs that could be deleted. This assessment is considered as "too dependent on the strategies of the institutions and exogenous factors (regulation, economic activity ...)", warns the report, of which Le Monde obtained a copy.
But, once these precautions are taken, the document does not hide the upheaval ahead for the sector. In the first place, because banks are among the first companies to have computerized their operations and thus have data from millions of customers "with considerable historical depths", an indispensable material for artificial intelligence.
Source: Le Monde économie, December 2nd, 2017 by Véronique Chocron
LONDON, Nov. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Big Data can be best defined as the capture, storage, search and analysis of large and complex data sets which are generally difficult to be processed or handled by traditional data processing systems. Smart city corresponds to the integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Internet of Things (IoT) in a secure fashion to manage the cities assets such as schools, hospitals, power plants, waste management among others.
Download the full report: https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/5206622
Smart cities utilize several technologies to improve the performance of health, transportation, energy, education among others in order to provide higher levels of comfort of their citizens. One such technology that has a huge potential to enhance smart city services is big data analytics, it plays a key role in making cities smarter.
The report big data market in smarter cities is segmented into 4 verticals: By data generators, by type, by data type, by application. Data generators refer to the sensors, recorders, consumer electronic goods and few others which act as data sources.
Regarding type report is classified into infrastructure, software & services. The three different data types mentioned in the report include structured, un structured and semi structured data types. By application report is segmented into city planning & Operations, public safety, IoT, Transport & CO2 emission and others. Moreover report is segregated based on geographic regions that include Americas, Europe, APAC and RoW to provide intense knowledge about the market
Government regulations to deploy big data analysis in smart home concept in order improve the living standards of people, enhanced technologies in smart traffic to manage the traffic efficiently among others acts as key growth drivers of big data market in smarter cities.
North America holds major share for big data market in smarter cities owing to major smart cities in this region and is witnessed to be the leading market during the forecast period 2017-2023 as many of the cities in this region coming forward to become smarter. Asia Pacific is the fastest growing segment during the forecast period due to the extensive growth of smart city momentum in developing countries like china, India, Korea in this region.
The concept of smart city visions is advancing across the globe. But what will they look like and how will they work? Rohit Talwar, Steve Wells and Alexandra Whittington of Fast Future explore the possibilities
The city of the future is a symbol of progress. The sci-fi vision of the future city with sleek skyscrapers and flying cars has started to give way to a more plausible, human, practical and green image known as the smart city.
While smart city visions differ, at their heart is the notion that in the coming decades, the planet’s most heavily concentrated populations will occupy city environments where a digital blanket of sensors, devices and cloud-connected data are being brought together to enhance the city living experience for all.
Smart city visions encompass all of the key elements that enable city ecosystems to function effectively – from traffic control and environmental protection to the management of energy, sanitation, healthcare, security and buildings.
The world’s premier cities are now competing to build highly interconnected smart environments where people, government and business operate in symbiosis with technologies such as big data, the Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, hyperconnectivity, artificial intelligence (AI), robots, drones, autonomous green vehicles, 3D/4D printing and renewable energy.
Future smart cities promise to harmonise the benefits of these key disruptive technologies for society and provide a high quality of life by design. At the same time, they assume that pervasive surveillance and data capture are permissible to city residents.
Some have already begun implementing smart city mechanisms and, as the concepts, experiences and success stories spread, the pursuit of smart will become a key driver in the evolving future of cities as communities and economic centres.
Engagement and vision
The evidence to date from smart city initiatives around the world is that the best results come when we have a clear sense of what the end goal is. Sadly, there is an array of smart city applications that are barely used because they don’t really make life better and the population doesn’t want or need them.
City governments have to create inclusive processes that inform citizens about the forces shaping the future and the possibilities and challenges on the horizon, then engage the population in dialogue about the kind of future we want to create. We have to explore what a liveable city means to its people and be clear on how we will attract and support a constant flow of industries of the future.
Alongside this, we need to articulate a clear vision and direction around education, environment, public services, access to justice, city administration and civic engagement. These pillars then provide the guiding requirements which will, in turn, influence the design of the physical, digital and human elements of a smart city infrastructure.
Smart cities are designed to inform decisions by capturing massive amounts of data about the population and its patterns, such as water use and traffic flows. This information gathering results in what is called big data, and it is essentially gathered via surveillance. There can also be voluntary efforts to collect information, but the ease and affordability of sensors, AI and advanced analytics in the future will mean this function can be completely automated.
The data can be collated from a constantly evolving and expanding IoT – encompassing traffic lights and cameras, pollution sensors, building control systems and personal devices – all literally feeding giant data stores held in the cloud. The ability to crunch all this data is becoming easier due to rampant growth in the use of device algorithms, AI and predictive software – all running on networks of high performance computing and storage devices.
Singapore is a leading example of a smart city and is constantly evolving its “city brain”, a backbone of technologies used to help control pollution, monitor traffic, allocate parking, communicate with citizens and even issue traffic fines.
The behavioural aspect is not to be overlooked. Singapore’s “brain” is attempting to modify human behaviour; for example, one system rewards drivers for using recommended mapped routes, and punishes those who do not. Ultimately, Singapore’s planners hope to discourage driving and guide most commuters to making greater use of public transportation. The city is planning for 100m “smart objects” including smart traffic lights, lamp posts, sensors and cameras on its roadways, which will be used to monitor and enforce laws.
Internet of Things
Smart city visions rest on advanced technology to make sense of massive collections of information. Indeed, the amount of information on the internet is expected to grow exponentially as a result of the IoT. Essentially, IoT means that everything (“things”) – and potentially everyone – will become beacons and data collection devices, gathering data on ambient and behavioural patterns from its surroundings and from the information it is fed – and networking all this data via the cloud. Hence, after data, the IoT is the second driving force behind the rise of smart infrastructure.
Companies and planners are already beginning to explore the possibilities. For example, a case study from India suggests that light poles along the highways can offer both smart city and connectivity solutions. In addition to helping monitor road conditions, the light poles could be fitted as high-speed data connections. Data is a critical element of the smart city/smart road future.
However, because this option will further expand the relationship between internet service providers, surveillance and private business, including advertisers, there are several issues around privacy to be considered. Certainly, the information from smart cities and roads should be used to keep citizens safe, healthy and protected. But should companies be allowed to target users with adverts based on information collected for other purposes?
Within and between the smart cities of the future, smart roads in particular are where planners can put into effect the ultra-efficient mechanisms that will characterise the modern smart city. In general, the concepts around smart cities, smart roads and smart infrastructure are becoming less visionary and more strategic and sustainable by the day. Big data, the IoT and renewable energy are all beginning to work in tandem to transform the day-to-day.
For example, South Korea is planning an entire network of smart roads by 2020, including battery-charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs), as well as infrastructure to handle autonomous vehicles.
Autonomous vehicles will require roads to transform into information superhighways; the vehicles will need to communicate not only with each other, but also with the city infrastructure. Mapping, traffic signals and safety regulations, for instance, are all parts of the physical and digital infrastructure that will have to become highly coordinated for autonomous vehicles to function.
All this data and awareness will enable decisions that make the best possible use of space, fuel, energy, water, electricity and all other resources, with an emphasis on sustainability. For example, a clear priority is being able to anticipate big traffic jams and provide alternate routes to save time, fuel and reduce the impact on city infrastructure itself.
Electric vehicles are growing their market foothold, hence the charging concerns related to EVs are gaining urgency in the eyes of many policymakers and planners. One of the biggest hurdles to electric vehicle adoption is keeping a charge across long distances. To help address this challenge, UK researchers are testing out smart road technology that charges electric cars while they are being driven. The achievement of smart infrastructures could drive the required policy and behavioural tweaks to enable wide adoption of today’s renewable resources.
Another smart technology involves pavement surfaces prepared with panels that capture solar energy allowing streets to power themselves, which has been tested in the US and the Netherlands. Meanwhile, a special powder that gathers sunlight and glows at night has shown promise.
The smart city movement now afoot has the potential to transform the organisation of people and physical objects in a way that transcends urban development as we know it. The shift to smart infrastructure is not simply fashionable or aspirational; in many ways, it appears to be a critical enabler of the future sustainability of cities. It can be argued that the future of human life on the planet rests on a smooth transition to cities that are more efficient, less wasteful and more conscious of the impacts of the individual upon the greater good.
The smart city shouldn’t be an apocalyptic future where citizens are stripped of their free will, nor does the smart road lead to a utopia. However, it is now possible to create and deliver a city vision with citizens at its heart and that is enabled by forward-thinking infrastructure planning coupled with judicious use of enabling technologies. A well thought-through vision, enabled by a robust and well-executed smart city model, could provide a foundation stone for the next stage of our development, where science and technology are genuinely harnessed in service of creating a very human future.
Rohit Talwar, Steve Wells,Alexandra Whittington
November, 30 2017 -
The city of the future is a symbol of progress. The sci-fi vision of the future city with sleek skyscrapers and flying cars has started to give way to a more plausible, human, practical and green image known as the smart city.