Data recording in transport vehicles has been coming on for a while: already in 1920, there was an embedded named device clock Aurorex capable to collect data during driving and rest times! The ancestor of Big Data of the 21th century.
Today, a unique vehicle can be equiped with hundreds of sensors. So, in the United States, US XPRESS installed 1 000 sensors in every truck.

Permanently connected to the computer system of the operator, the sensors offer an infinite amount of information: driving time, of rest, energy consumption, traveled kilometers, driving styles, passengers number, history of the real time course, the wear of the vehicle, the weather conditions,…

We consider that 150 000 deliveries are realized every day all around the world, putting in circulation more than 90 000 vehicles. With a unique watchword: deliveries always faster at the cheapest cost as possible. The numerous information bring by data became essential to the good development of the large companies of logistics and e-commerce, such as Amazon.

Analyzed and managed in real time, the data allow transport companies to improve the performances of their deliveries and thus to optimize the satisfaction of their customers. The financial gains can be considerable, but not only: Big Data can also be a major asset for the ecological and human environment. Because driving "in an intelligent way” allows not only to reduce the pollution but also the stress to the steering wheel, and to improve so the safety of the drivers.

sources:

In French 

https://www.ratpdev.com/fr/big-data-vers-des-reseaux-plus-intelligents

http://www.journaldunet.com/economie/expert/62346/le-transport-routier-a-fait-ses-premiers-pas-dans-le-big-data-en--1923.shtml

http://www.mc2i.fr/Big-Data-de-reelles-utilisations

http://www.supplyweb.fr/la-big-data-au-service-de-la-logistique-des-transports/

http://2014.internationaltransportforum.org/fr/big-data

 

In English 

http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/infrastructure/our-insights/big-data-versus-big-congestion-using-information-to-improve-transport

https://datafloq.com/read/big-data-create-smarter-transportation-industry/119

https://channels.theinnovationenterprise.com/articles/big-data-s-impact-on-public-transportation

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283677285_Big_data_and_transport_modelling_Opportunities_and_challenges

http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-31/issue-6/features/impact-of-big-data-transport-on-network-innovation.html