In a report given to the Prime Minister on Tuesday, April 18, PS Maine-et-Loire MP Luc Belot draws attention to the risks and stakes of the smart city, knowing that the digital boom requires reforming local governance .
"The use of technologies does not in itself create a smart city," warns Luc Belot (MP), who is carrying a mission on the smart city that the government entrusted to him in November 2016. In his report "From Smart City to a Territory of Intelligence (s) "on Tuesday, April 18, sent to Prime Minister Bernard Cazeneuve, the elected Maine-et-Loire draws the attention of the territories on the stakes and potential risks of the smart city.
Already, traditionally prone to technology to develop their public services, local authorities are invited to go beyond their organization by business. "The smart city calls for an open, cross-sectional approach of the city," says Luc Belot. Even with mobility, there is often a car park manager who favors the use of the car while the public transport operator encourages not to use it; They are both public service delegation (concessions), "he observes.
The elected official thus advocates the establishment within each community of a governance structure involving the elected representatives, the various departments of the local administration and even the economic actors. Because with the development of digital, new private actors develop an offer of urban services.
Governance at the inter-municipal level
"Beginning discussions and collaborations with all the players in the city, and especially the major digital players, is essential to ensure better complementarity between public and private offerings," says Luc Belot, who considers it necessary to establish this governance At the intercommunal level. To deny this complementarity does not favor an improvement of the services offered to the inhabitants. And limits the ability of local authorities to develop public policy. "
Navigation systems providing real-time traffic data, such as the one proposed by Waze, does not include, for example, community constraints in their route optimization system. Working with such an actor would allow for it to take into account the need to avoid the paved traffic areas and certain streets with schools, hospitals.
Some communities have already begun to implement this requirement, as has Grenoble, which has set up an open data steering committee, or Rennes Metropole, which has launched a catalog of open data since 2010, The environment, transport, culture, town planning, housing, everyday life, etc.